Plastic surgery is a specialized medical specialty involving the repair, restoration, or modification of the body. It can generally be separated into two broad categories: plastic or cosmetic surgery. Cosmetic surgery entails, hand surgery, craniofacial surgery, microsurgery, liposuction, burn surgery, and pediatric surgery. While plastic or cosmetic surgery branches out into numerous fields and subspecialties, such as pediatric plastic surgery, craniofacial plastic surgery, microsurgeries, and hand surgery; there are specific types of plastic surgery that are commonly referred to as reconstructive plastic surgery. Look at this Houston Plastic Surgery Associates | Christopher Balinger, MD-Plastic Surgery
Reconstructive cosmetic plastic surgery is often used to correct deformities or disfigurements that are not only physical but also socially embarrassing. Common deformities that are corrected through reconstructive cosmetic plastic surgery include burns, scarring, and birthmarks. A reconstructive surgeon may perform any or all of the following procedures: hair replacement, rhinoplasty (nose), brow lift, breast augmentation, face lifts, tummy tucks, rhytidectomy (slimming), and cosmetic plastic surgery procedures to correct various signs of aging, such as sagging skin, wrinkles, stretch marks, and muscle tone. There are many subspecialties of reconstructive plastic surgery that include pediatric, gynecological, cardiology, dermatology, and orthopedics. Any deformity that causes serious physical or psychological discomfort can be corrected with reconstructive procedures.
In general, cosmetic plastic surgery procedures are carried out on an outpatient basis under local anesthesia. Most procedures last from one to three hours, although longer or shorter procedures may be performed if the surgeon prefers. Surgeons carefully evaluate all potential candidates to determine if they qualify for the procedures and then carefully select those that do. Once selected, patients are usually released to the hospital on the same day that their surgery. Full recovery requires time, but most patients return to normal activities within a few weeks.